Ecco una mia prima riflessione (link al testo) sui fatti di Boston visti dalla Russia. Davvero a caldo, dato che sono reduce da mesi di Cecenia. A Mosca, la notizia che i due sospetti attentatori fossero di origine cecena, anche se a Grozny non hanno mai vissuto, è uno shock enorme. E in tv si discute di terrorismo e nazionalità, problema interetnico e razzismo, per la prima volta a livello decente… Una storia molto, molto strana e assurda. Che però, se confermata, racconta tanto. Forse la pentola a pressione non è solo quella esplosa alla maratona americana, ma sta dalle parti del Caucaso russo, più verso Makhachala, o meglio, tra Caucaso e Occidente. Anche se, a dar retta allo zio dei due, fosse “solo” odio da immigrati alienati contro gli “integrati”, alienazione ed emarginazione da sradicati senza patria, niente a che fare con l’Islam. “Arrestatelo ma non uccidetelo. E’ la giustizia che deve decidere se uno è colpevole o innocente” ha detto stasera il padre di Dzhokar, il fratello più piccolo ancora in fuga, braccato dalle forze di sicurezza americane nei sobborghi di Boston. Un appello che ricorda quelli, inascoltati, di migliaia di famiglie di presunti ribelli vittime delle operazioni speciali antiterrorismo nel Caucaso russo, dove vige lo slogan staliniano “niente corpo, niente problema”.
CHILDREN OF DIASPORA
In the United States they lived more than in their native Chechnya. In Grozny, indeed, the two brothers would have never set foot, according to an uncle. But the two brothers Tsarnaev, that from remote Russian Caucasus have brought terror to Boston, are typical and “perfect” children of the large Chechen diaspora in the world, whose story its imprinted in their DNA: grandchildren of grandparents deported to Central Asia by Stalin in ‘ 44, children of parents fleeing the civil war between Grozny and Moscow in the Nineties. Emigrated to the West in search of a better life, but not fully adapting to their new homeland, no true friends there, as stated by the elder brother. The father in Germany to treat a tumor, he lost sight of them for a crucial while. Resentment and alienation accumulated for generations. Conquered by Islamist ideology that travels over the internet faster than light, a large number of sites in Cyrillic glorifying jihad, never monitored by international intelligence. More a way to redeem the alienation in a foreign land and social exclusion, perhaps, that an established ideology.
In Russia, accustomed to look with some resignation to the homemade bombs, is shock at the news, the media talk about “Chechen trail” as in the 2000s, when, after the end of war in Grozny, Moscow was hit by repeated attacks attributed to Islamist guerrillas of the North Caucasus – the last in January 2011 Domodedovo airport. But here the scenario is the U.S., russian TVs talk with aplomb of “KTO in Boston”. If it’s all true, it would be the first terrorist attack perpetrated by Chechens in the West. Despite the fact that they’re not “pure” chechens, but naturalized foreigners.
But Tamerlan and Dzhokar – the youngest has the same name of Dzhokar Dudayev, the secessionist chechen president of the first war against Moscow after the fall of Soviet Union – never knew their native homeland, as instrumentally pointed out by Grozny’s iron-fist leader, Ramzan Kadyrov, who blamed US Secret Services and US education for them becoming “bad children”. Their first sentimental education happened somewhere between Kirghizia and Daghestan where they studied in first grade, exactly on the eve of second chechen war. Daghestan, neighboring Chechnya, black hole of the Russian Caucasus that nobody talks about, a far more dangerous place today than Grozny: almost daily bombings and clashes between rebels and security forces, world-record corruption, fast rising of radical islam among young people. From there they emigrated, obtaining asylum in America. On the Internet, for Tamerlan, the traces of a confused personal culture: extremist and islamists videos posted on U Tube but also techno music made in the US, russian hip hop singer Vasya Oblomov close to the opposition against Putin; and an idol above all, Timur Mutsuraev, the bard of the Chechen jihad over the Nineties, the legendary singer-songwriter who has inspired a generation of young chechens dreaming independence, himself a former guerrilla rebel. Children of Chechnya that does not exist but often still lives outside the borders in the mind of thousand of emigrates that left the country at least 10 ys ago, are Dzhokar and Tamerlan: children of an anachronistic dream – a way to feel at home away from home. Back home in Grozny, now is a pax without democracy, under the aegis of Kadyrov and thanks to billions from Moscow. President’ Putin comments come only late evening (after a busy day with Egyptian President Morsi visiting): a “barbaric crime,” he says, offering Obama to cooperate in the fight against terrorism. That “has no nationality.”